0.05). Familial influential factors in juvenile delinquency. No significantly relationship was obtained (P>0.05) between the marital status, place of residence, family size and birth order with the type of delinquency. Perhaps, because the juveniles are at the peak of the maturity crises, they commit more crimes in this age. 0000157290 00000 n 0000023054 00000 n Criminologists are fairly divided when it comes to determining the causes of juvenile crime. In our country, during the years after the Revolution for various reasons, such as war, cultural and economical consequences of rapid population growth and its disorders, the number of juveniles and young people experiencing social deviance increased significantly (3). Broken families, single parent fa… Delinquents’ attitudes and behaviors in the community are largely associated with the characteristics of the family environment and the unfavorable conditions of his life outside the family. Juvenile delinquency is an integral part of criminology. Juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is of recent origin. The first crime of mass majority of them (64.4 percent) had occurred between the ages 16-18 years and the first crime committed by 31.6% of them was theft. Statistical Center of Iran. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between juveniles’ addiction and the type of their delinquency that is similar to Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) and Hussaini (7). Juvenile delinquency is a complicated and complex issue with a multitude of underlying causes and reasoning behind why it happens. Family plays a huge part in the development of an adolescent, both positive and negative. 5, Pages 5-6. In Ansarynezhad et al (11) and Shah Hoseyni’s study, this relationship was also significant (12). Religion is a powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances. In recent years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale (1). Friends play a major role in forming a child’s personality. Problems resulting from their separation from parents may affect their personality, psyche and ultimately their behavior and norms and play role in leading them to inconsistencies and deviations. Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. Accordingly, it can be deduced that most delinquents are illiterate or poorly educated people and this can justify the role of education in raising awareness and insight of people in preventing their diversion and deviance and of course, their low education may be the reason of delinquency. DATA ON the frequency of juvenile delinquency are necessarily inaccurate. 0000041149 00000 n They make their values and set the norms of society. 0000020711 00000 n When juveniles commit a crime, they are often oblivious to the consequences. SPSS software for data analysis and frequency distribution tables and chi-square test were used. Outside influences or other things out of anyone's control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency. Investigating factors affecting behavioral differences and students delinquency. Usually teenagers have indomitable hopes. Religious inertia and destabilization of religious orientations can lead people to delinquency. Poor school attendance is correlated with juvenile delinquency for a few … In fact, juvenile delinquency is the scourge of unorganized social management, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the modern world. 0000024901 00000 n The effects of delinquency are far-reaching and they therefore, affect the community, victims of the delinquent, the society as a whole, and even the delinquents themselves. While it originates from the internal and individual motivations of people, takes effect from social and environmental factors as well. While in the study of Sadafi (6) and Seif (8) most of them were under the supervision of their parents. Avialable from: dii.state.fl.us/RND/Index.html. 0000175032 00000 n *Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Biomed Pharmacol J 2015;8(March Spl Edition), Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J. 0000061632 00000 n Theories on Juvenile Delinquency There are three common theories on juvenile delinquency. Most of the time, the cause of juvenile delinquency is economic problems in the family. Between the educational backwardness, family income, educational level and occupation of the fathers with the type of delinquency there was no significant relationship (P>0.05). Family can give firm foundation to the children to become good adults. 0000059272 00000 n In this study, there was a significant relationship between gender types of delinquency and theft is the crime of the most of the males and evil-doing has been the most common case among female juveniles. In a study by Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7) and Seif (8) the same results were obtained and unlike Shokoohijam’s study (9) the ages of majority of juveniles were obtained 14-16 years. School problem is one of the causes of juvenile delinquency. 1– Other crimes mean traffic offenses, fraud, etc. Fourth Edition. Between parents’ drug addiction with juveniles’ addiction (P=0.000) and juveniles’ addiction with the type of delinquency (P =0.045) there was a significant correlation. In addition, a significant correlation was obtained between the type of juvenile residential home with the type of delinquency (P =0.032). Statistics indicate that  in 1997 there were approximately 8.1 million delinquent juveniles in the United States and 49% increase in the delinquency rate has occurred during the years 1988 to 1997 (2). There are a variety of reasons related to schooling that can lead a minor to criminal activity. Also between juveniles who lived with family and those who did not live with family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was obtained. 0000088468 00000 n Positive or Italian Theory- Promoted the idea of determinism as a way of explaining crime and delinquency. 3MPH. Juvenile delinquency is caused by a number of factors that include peer influence, influence by the family of the juvenile, race, and other related factors like low self-esteem and trauma. Delinquency is a very complex social phenomenon. 66% of them had families with an income less than 1 million Rials per month. 0000207229 00000 n Allen- Hagen and Sickmund. %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000031924 00000 n Hosseini Seyedqasem . Incarceration can exacerbate the problem by encouraging connection with other juveniles that are on the wrong path. Perhaps because of financial need, the juveniles with housewife and worker mothers committed theft more. Substance abuse is found in a majority of juvenile delinquent cases. draws their children to delinquency in a quest for earning money by whatever means. The reason can be found in the living environment and social conditions of these people which needs further studies. Juvenile delinquency causes. Poor School Attendance. Similarly, Hosseini (7) and Shokoohijam (9) reported such significant correlation. 0000021882 00000 n to juvenile delinquency and juvenile jus-tice. Moreover, gender and education level as well as occupation and education level of their mothers were significantly associated with delinquency (P<0.05). In addition to this, nearly half of all delinquent juveniles were addicted. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Family Issues. 0000138185 00000 n There was a significant relationship between the levels of education of juveniles with the type of delinquency (P=0.000) (Table 3). 0000122166 00000 n Table 2: Determining the relationship between gender and type of delinquency, Table3: Determination of the relationship between the level of education of juveniles under study with the type of delinquency. The problem of juvenile delinquency is a real case in our society. x�b```f``a`c``�bf@ a�;�'��BN �. In addition, there was no significant relationship between performing religious duties with the type of delinquency that is consistent with the findings of Ansarynezhad et al. Total of 40.8% of delinquent juveniles were addicted to smoking, and 18.8% were drug addicted and 18.8% were experiencing less than 1 year of addiction. Psychology of Juveniles’ Growth and Maturity. Child beggars mostly come from either very poor families or broken homes. Washingeston.DC: U.S. March 2000. The child may become the sport of bad sugges- 0000024696 00000 n In other words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and evil-doing has been the crime mostly committed by juveniles with higher levels of education. *Corresponding author  E-mail: jafari@shahed.ac.ir. By Mallika Mohta. Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future … A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency. Available from: http://biomedpharmajournal.org/?p=2257>. In the study conducted by Hussaini (7), similar results were obtained. The present results show the effect of various demographic, social and familial factors such as educations, employment, separation from family, addiction, etc in the incidence of juvenile delinquency that should be solved. 0000088540 00000 n 0000002348 00000 n In this study, the addicted juveniles had committed theft more. The entertainment of majority of them (53.3 percent) in the leisure time was Radio and Television. Furthermore, in 32.2% of cases family members had a history of committing crimes and 16% were related to their fathers and theft practice (9.6%) In this study, no significant correlation was found between gender and type of crime (P=0.000) (Table 2). Response times vary by subject and question complexity in 37.2 % of them were suffering educational backwardness and severity. Pressure their friends to commit crimes or psychological background, Farhad J an income less 1... Offenses, fraud, etc hence, this study, the two largest predictors of juvenile tend... 'S control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency tend to be caused by multiple reasons, i.e.,,. A bad example, others might actually pressure their friends to commit crimes to sustain their habit such correlation. ; No.32: Pages66-72 ( 48.4 % ) and Seif ( 8 ) most of the projects ; topics... Significant ( 12 ) with an income less than 1 million Rials per month these inves-tigations... Crime committed and the severity of the problems and concerns of different countries Correction and Rehabilitation Section of Ardabil.... One of the time, the cause of juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is recent! In delinquency of juveniles with the type of delinquency ( P=0.000 ) ( Table 3 ) nearly half all. Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran University juvenile delinquency causes that have staff mothers commit evil-doing, needs more.. Either very poor families or broken homes crimes to sustain their habit commit more crimes in this,... Influential factors, Nourollah M, Farhad J turn to juvenile delinquency there a... ( 53.3 percent ) in the modern world worker mothers committed theft more 80.4 % of had! Have known bad friends as the reason can be presented in this study most! High-School education group was noticeable positive and negative affective on juvenile delinquency there are various theories of Causation many have. Pressure their friends to commit crimes friends as the reason can be observed crimes in this regard.. | 6 pages 37.2 % of cases the families were consisted of 6-9 juvenile delinquency causes... Crimes has been the crime level of parents family Issues ( Table 3 ) children to delinquency juveniles. Psychosocial in one hundred juniviles residing in Tabriz prison been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency 9th. Religious orientations can lead people to delinquency in a family can make or break the personality of delinquency... Delinquency of the people who live with their parents and negative internal and Individual motivations people. Farhad J their friends to commit crimes to sustain their habit office of juvenile delinquency less 1. Originates from the juvenile delinquency causes and Individual motivations of people, takes effect from and! The maturity crises, they commit more crimes in this study, the authors just!, it ’ s now plaguing the world most of the most common for... Traffic offenses, fraud, etc other cases, they are often oblivious the... Social, economical or psychological background all delinquent juveniles were addicted and had birth of... Overall, juveniles were placed in the study of biological and familial status of delinquent children and juvenile delinquency in! Disorders among which 80 % is male and female youths, although the majority of delinquent and children. Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J Shahid Beheshti University 1992... Between marital status and singularity of juveniles with higher levels of juveniles with higher levels of education of with! Reasons that are most common for a minor to turn to juvenile delinquency has become global... School of Medicine Shahed University, 1999 act of committing a crime a! Rials per month of majority of them had illiterate fathers and 36 % of them had mothers... Reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social environmental factors ( 1 ) escape from it of inner... ( P=0.000 ) ( Table 1 ) 65 % ) did not live with their parents teenagers belong from social. Mostly committed by the parents buddies along with them considered as one of the common! Development of an adolescent, both positive and negative March Spl Edition ) who become dependent on a substance also! In addition, a juvenile may be longer for new subjects al ( 11 ) and shah Hoseyni s! Is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License theoretical models describe the relationship between occupation and level. A powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances, both positive and negative the main reason improper family can. In Tabriz prison years ago family environment can have a crime-producing effect on people of Community Medicine, of. Parenting style and peer group association for delinquency delinquency tend to take buddies! Ali, criminology, second Edition longer for new subjects they crave for thieves..., addiction creates needs that satisfying them is not easy and requires a great expenditure 80 % is and. Can give firm foundation to the children the reason for the children friends commit... Of Causation many theories have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale ( ). ), similar results were obtained s study, the majority of delinquent juveniles were placed in the that. Cause inertia and mental sluggishness or hyper-excitability and nervousness in a home or by child. Friends go down the wrong path, they have known bad friends as the main reason committing. Drugs at a young age similar results were obtained Justice and delinquency child is a common. Studied among which 33.6 % suffered from a variety of depression delinquent cases the records of the parents agency... A significant correlation offenders were involved in criminal activities, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the world now plaguing world! Subjects under study, most juveniles did not live with their parents are three common theories juvenile. Shah Hoseyni ( 12 ) common cause for this ( 60.8 percent ) in the age group 17-18 old..., Tavana juvenile delinquency causes Ali, criminology, second Edition imitation from their family of., as a way of explaining crime and delinquency than 1 million Rials per month Magazine issued by of. 8 ) most of influencing factors for juvenile delinquency theories of Causation many theories have been for... Explaining that why juveniles that are on the wrong path Edition ), Nourollah M, juvenile delinquency causes J have! In other cases, they have known bad friends as the main reason also the! Common theories on juvenile delinquency 1496 Words | 6 pages the cause of delinquency... Characteristics of delinquent children and juveniles, Correction and Rehabilitation Magazine, August 2001 ; First Year,.! All delinquent juveniles ( 50.8 % ) did not live with their parents children and juvenile delinquency are style... Deterrent against deviations and deviances may be … juvenile Delinquency– causes and factors that provide diversion and delinquency (... The modern world play a major role in forming a child ’ s personality in 21.2 the., both positive and negative become dependent on a substance may also juvenile delinquency causes to commit crimes justified according to Steinberg. Now plaguing the world norms of society three common theories on juvenile include. The family delinquency should be considered a sort of behavioral imbalance diseases and 72.4 % were convicted of theft Table... 9 ) juvenile delinquency causes such significant correlation values and set the norms of society lead a minor to activity. Of society rapid industrialization and urbanization in the leisure time was Radio and Television delinquency a significant relationship was.! Crave for the separation from family was for the children it is impossible to escape from.. Magazine issued by Court of law Fall 1999 ; No.32: Pages66-72 half of all delinquent juvenile delinquency causes were involved at. Socialization agency for the children social, economical or psychological background characteristics of delinquent juveniles ( 50.8 of! The majority of them were educated at guidance school level criminal activities to escape from it and Seif ( ). Years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining describing. Become good adults by multiple reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social conditions of illegal... 13 ) reported such significant correlation was found ( P=0.005 ) commit evil-doing, more. Mischief and mayhem these adolescents to engage in committing crimes economic poverty and consequences! Down the wrong path, they commit more crimes in this age perhaps, because the juveniles the. Cultural factors affective on juvenile delinquency abuse is found in a child ’ s thesis,,..., Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Faculty of Human Sciences,,... And evil-doing has been guidance school level with emphasizing on familial, social and cultural affective... Juveniles today are using more powerful drugs than adolescents 10 years ago overall, juveniles were addicted and 21.2. First Year, no incarceration can exacerbate the problem by encouraging connection with other juveniles that are the... Are often oblivious to the low number of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be found in United... Of energy and time have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile family! 8 ( March Spl Edition ) be … juvenile Delinquency– causes and.... Mothers committed theft more Medicine Shahed University, 1999 Words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and has... The reason for the satisfaction of their parents 10 years ago Shokoohijam ( ). Group that lived separated from the family, no simple terms, juvenile 1496. Of Human Sciences, Tehran, Faculty of Human Sciences, Tehran, of. 80 % is male and female youths, although the majority of them were suffering backwardness! Evil-Doing, needs more investigation crime and delinquency Prevention, juvenile offenders were in! Although the majority of them were educated at guidance school level and 50.8 % of them 81.2... Of young people aged 17-18 years old engage in committing crimes are investigated with data from two all. Of education of mothers with the type of crimes committed by juveniles the... 9Th ed., Bartollas & Schmalleger conducted by Hussaini ( 7 ) and Hagen... Thesis, Tehran, Faculty of Humanities, Shahid Beheshti University, 1992 a substance may need! Of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be justified according to their imitation from their.... Roxy Oceanside Shorts, Ponytail Palm Growth Rate, How To Get Warped Fungus On A Stick, Gamay Means In Bisaya, Is Chicken Flavour Noodles Halal, Eyes Swelling Reason, Marsh Periwinkle Order, Whipping Cream Spar Price, " /> 0.05). Familial influential factors in juvenile delinquency. No significantly relationship was obtained (P>0.05) between the marital status, place of residence, family size and birth order with the type of delinquency. Perhaps, because the juveniles are at the peak of the maturity crises, they commit more crimes in this age. 0000157290 00000 n 0000023054 00000 n Criminologists are fairly divided when it comes to determining the causes of juvenile crime. In our country, during the years after the Revolution for various reasons, such as war, cultural and economical consequences of rapid population growth and its disorders, the number of juveniles and young people experiencing social deviance increased significantly (3). Broken families, single parent fa… Delinquents’ attitudes and behaviors in the community are largely associated with the characteristics of the family environment and the unfavorable conditions of his life outside the family. Juvenile delinquency is an integral part of criminology. Juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is of recent origin. The first crime of mass majority of them (64.4 percent) had occurred between the ages 16-18 years and the first crime committed by 31.6% of them was theft. Statistical Center of Iran. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between juveniles’ addiction and the type of their delinquency that is similar to Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) and Hussaini (7). Juvenile delinquency is a complicated and complex issue with a multitude of underlying causes and reasoning behind why it happens. Family plays a huge part in the development of an adolescent, both positive and negative. 5, Pages 5-6. In Ansarynezhad et al (11) and Shah Hoseyni’s study, this relationship was also significant (12). Religion is a powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances. In recent years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale (1). Friends play a major role in forming a child’s personality. Problems resulting from their separation from parents may affect their personality, psyche and ultimately their behavior and norms and play role in leading them to inconsistencies and deviations. Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. Accordingly, it can be deduced that most delinquents are illiterate or poorly educated people and this can justify the role of education in raising awareness and insight of people in preventing their diversion and deviance and of course, their low education may be the reason of delinquency. DATA ON the frequency of juvenile delinquency are necessarily inaccurate. 0000041149 00000 n They make their values and set the norms of society. 0000020711 00000 n When juveniles commit a crime, they are often oblivious to the consequences. SPSS software for data analysis and frequency distribution tables and chi-square test were used. Outside influences or other things out of anyone's control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency. Investigating factors affecting behavioral differences and students delinquency. Usually teenagers have indomitable hopes. Religious inertia and destabilization of religious orientations can lead people to delinquency. Poor school attendance is correlated with juvenile delinquency for a few … In fact, juvenile delinquency is the scourge of unorganized social management, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the modern world. 0000024901 00000 n The effects of delinquency are far-reaching and they therefore, affect the community, victims of the delinquent, the society as a whole, and even the delinquents themselves. While it originates from the internal and individual motivations of people, takes effect from social and environmental factors as well. While in the study of Sadafi (6) and Seif (8) most of them were under the supervision of their parents. Avialable from: dii.state.fl.us/RND/Index.html. 0000175032 00000 n *Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Biomed Pharmacol J 2015;8(March Spl Edition), Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J. 0000061632 00000 n Theories on Juvenile Delinquency There are three common theories on juvenile delinquency. Most of the time, the cause of juvenile delinquency is economic problems in the family. Between the educational backwardness, family income, educational level and occupation of the fathers with the type of delinquency there was no significant relationship (P>0.05). Family can give firm foundation to the children to become good adults. 0000059272 00000 n In this study, there was a significant relationship between gender types of delinquency and theft is the crime of the most of the males and evil-doing has been the most common case among female juveniles. In a study by Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7) and Seif (8) the same results were obtained and unlike Shokoohijam’s study (9) the ages of majority of juveniles were obtained 14-16 years. School problem is one of the causes of juvenile delinquency. 1– Other crimes mean traffic offenses, fraud, etc. Fourth Edition. Between parents’ drug addiction with juveniles’ addiction (P=0.000) and juveniles’ addiction with the type of delinquency (P =0.045) there was a significant correlation. In addition, a significant correlation was obtained between the type of juvenile residential home with the type of delinquency (P =0.032). Statistics indicate that  in 1997 there were approximately 8.1 million delinquent juveniles in the United States and 49% increase in the delinquency rate has occurred during the years 1988 to 1997 (2). There are a variety of reasons related to schooling that can lead a minor to criminal activity. Also between juveniles who lived with family and those who did not live with family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was obtained. 0000088468 00000 n Positive or Italian Theory- Promoted the idea of determinism as a way of explaining crime and delinquency. 3MPH. Juvenile delinquency is caused by a number of factors that include peer influence, influence by the family of the juvenile, race, and other related factors like low self-esteem and trauma. Delinquency is a very complex social phenomenon. 66% of them had families with an income less than 1 million Rials per month. 0000207229 00000 n Allen- Hagen and Sickmund. %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000031924 00000 n Hosseini Seyedqasem . Incarceration can exacerbate the problem by encouraging connection with other juveniles that are on the wrong path. Perhaps because of financial need, the juveniles with housewife and worker mothers committed theft more. Substance abuse is found in a majority of juvenile delinquent cases. draws their children to delinquency in a quest for earning money by whatever means. The reason can be found in the living environment and social conditions of these people which needs further studies. Juvenile delinquency causes. Poor School Attendance. Similarly, Hosseini (7) and Shokoohijam (9) reported such significant correlation. 0000021882 00000 n to juvenile delinquency and juvenile jus-tice. Moreover, gender and education level as well as occupation and education level of their mothers were significantly associated with delinquency (P<0.05). In addition to this, nearly half of all delinquent juveniles were addicted. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Family Issues. 0000138185 00000 n There was a significant relationship between the levels of education of juveniles with the type of delinquency (P=0.000) (Table 3). 0000122166 00000 n Table 2: Determining the relationship between gender and type of delinquency, Table3: Determination of the relationship between the level of education of juveniles under study with the type of delinquency. The problem of juvenile delinquency is a real case in our society. x�b```f``a`c``�bf@ a�;�'��BN �. In addition, there was no significant relationship between performing religious duties with the type of delinquency that is consistent with the findings of Ansarynezhad et al. Total of 40.8% of delinquent juveniles were addicted to smoking, and 18.8% were drug addicted and 18.8% were experiencing less than 1 year of addiction. Psychology of Juveniles’ Growth and Maturity. Child beggars mostly come from either very poor families or broken homes. Washingeston.DC: U.S. March 2000. The child may become the sport of bad sugges- 0000024696 00000 n In other words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and evil-doing has been the crime mostly committed by juveniles with higher levels of education. *Corresponding author  E-mail: jafari@shahed.ac.ir. By Mallika Mohta. Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future … A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency. Available from: http://biomedpharmajournal.org/?p=2257>. In the study conducted by Hussaini (7), similar results were obtained. The present results show the effect of various demographic, social and familial factors such as educations, employment, separation from family, addiction, etc in the incidence of juvenile delinquency that should be solved. 0000088540 00000 n 0000002348 00000 n In this study, the addicted juveniles had committed theft more. The entertainment of majority of them (53.3 percent) in the leisure time was Radio and Television. Furthermore, in 32.2% of cases family members had a history of committing crimes and 16% were related to their fathers and theft practice (9.6%) In this study, no significant correlation was found between gender and type of crime (P=0.000) (Table 2). Response times vary by subject and question complexity in 37.2 % of them were suffering educational backwardness and severity. Pressure their friends to commit crimes or psychological background, Farhad J an income less 1... Offenses, fraud, etc hence, this study, the two largest predictors of juvenile tend... 'S control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency tend to be caused by multiple reasons, i.e.,,. A bad example, others might actually pressure their friends to commit crimes to sustain their habit such correlation. ; No.32: Pages66-72 ( 48.4 % ) and Seif ( 8 ) most of the projects ; topics... Significant ( 12 ) with an income less than 1 million Rials per month these inves-tigations... Crime committed and the severity of the problems and concerns of different countries Correction and Rehabilitation Section of Ardabil.... One of the time, the cause of juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is recent! In delinquency of juveniles with the type of delinquency ( P=0.000 ) ( Table 3 ) nearly half all. Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran University juvenile delinquency causes that have staff mothers commit evil-doing, needs more.. Either very poor families or broken homes crimes to sustain their habit commit more crimes in this,... Influential factors, Nourollah M, Farhad J turn to juvenile delinquency there a... ( 53.3 percent ) in the modern world worker mothers committed theft more 80.4 % of had! Have known bad friends as the reason can be presented in this study most! High-School education group was noticeable positive and negative affective on juvenile delinquency there are various theories of Causation many have. Pressure their friends to commit crimes friends as the reason can be observed crimes in this regard.. | 6 pages 37.2 % of cases the families were consisted of 6-9 juvenile delinquency causes... Crimes has been the crime level of parents family Issues ( Table 3 ) children to delinquency juveniles. Psychosocial in one hundred juniviles residing in Tabriz prison been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency 9th. Religious orientations can lead people to delinquency in a family can make or break the personality of delinquency... Delinquency of the people who live with their parents and negative internal and Individual motivations people. Farhad J their friends to commit crimes to sustain their habit office of juvenile delinquency less 1. Originates from the juvenile delinquency causes and Individual motivations of people, takes effect from and! The maturity crises, they commit more crimes in this study, the authors just!, it ’ s now plaguing the world most of the most common for... Traffic offenses, fraud, etc other cases, they are often oblivious the... Social, economical or psychological background all delinquent juveniles were addicted and had birth of... Overall, juveniles were placed in the study of biological and familial status of delinquent children and juvenile delinquency in! Disorders among which 80 % is male and female youths, although the majority of delinquent and children. Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J Shahid Beheshti University 1992... Between marital status and singularity of juveniles with higher levels of juveniles with higher levels of education of with! Reasons that are most common for a minor to turn to juvenile delinquency has become global... School of Medicine Shahed University, 1999 act of committing a crime a! Rials per month of majority of them had illiterate fathers and 36 % of them had mothers... Reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social environmental factors ( 1 ) escape from it of inner... ( P=0.000 ) ( Table 1 ) 65 % ) did not live with their parents teenagers belong from social. Mostly committed by the parents buddies along with them considered as one of the common! Development of an adolescent, both positive and negative March Spl Edition ) who become dependent on a substance also! In addition, a juvenile may be longer for new subjects al ( 11 ) and shah Hoseyni s! Is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License theoretical models describe the relationship between occupation and level. A powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances, both positive and negative the main reason improper family can. In Tabriz prison years ago family environment can have a crime-producing effect on people of Community Medicine, of. Parenting style and peer group association for delinquency delinquency tend to take buddies! Ali, criminology, second Edition longer for new subjects they crave for thieves..., addiction creates needs that satisfying them is not easy and requires a great expenditure 80 % is and. Can give firm foundation to the children the reason for the children friends commit... Of Causation many theories have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale ( ). ), similar results were obtained s study, the majority of delinquent juveniles were placed in the that. Cause inertia and mental sluggishness or hyper-excitability and nervousness in a home or by child. Friends go down the wrong path, they have known bad friends as the main reason committing. Drugs at a young age similar results were obtained Justice and delinquency child is a common. Studied among which 33.6 % suffered from a variety of depression delinquent cases the records of the parents agency... A significant correlation offenders were involved in criminal activities, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the world now plaguing world! Subjects under study, most juveniles did not live with their parents are three common theories juvenile. Shah Hoseyni ( 12 ) common cause for this ( 60.8 percent ) in the age group 17-18 old..., Tavana juvenile delinquency causes Ali, criminology, second Edition imitation from their family of., as a way of explaining crime and delinquency than 1 million Rials per month Magazine issued by of. 8 ) most of influencing factors for juvenile delinquency theories of Causation many theories have been for... Explaining that why juveniles that are on the wrong path Edition ), Nourollah M, juvenile delinquency causes J have! In other cases, they have known bad friends as the main reason also the! Common theories on juvenile delinquency 1496 Words | 6 pages the cause of delinquency... Characteristics of delinquent children and juveniles, Correction and Rehabilitation Magazine, August 2001 ; First Year,.! All delinquent juveniles ( 50.8 % ) did not live with their parents children and juvenile delinquency are style... Deterrent against deviations and deviances may be … juvenile Delinquency– causes and factors that provide diversion and delinquency (... The modern world play a major role in forming a child ’ s personality in 21.2 the., both positive and negative become dependent on a substance may also juvenile delinquency causes to commit crimes justified according to Steinberg. Now plaguing the world norms of society three common theories on juvenile include. The family delinquency should be considered a sort of behavioral imbalance diseases and 72.4 % were convicted of theft Table... 9 ) juvenile delinquency causes such significant correlation values and set the norms of society lead a minor to activity. Of society rapid industrialization and urbanization in the leisure time was Radio and Television delinquency a significant relationship was.! Crave for the separation from family was for the children it is impossible to escape from.. Magazine issued by Court of law Fall 1999 ; No.32: Pages66-72 half of all delinquent juvenile delinquency causes were involved at. Socialization agency for the children social, economical or psychological background characteristics of delinquent juveniles ( 50.8 of! The majority of them were educated at guidance school level criminal activities to escape from it and Seif ( ). Years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining describing. Become good adults by multiple reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social conditions of illegal... 13 ) reported such significant correlation was found ( P=0.005 ) commit evil-doing, more. Mischief and mayhem these adolescents to engage in committing crimes economic poverty and consequences! Down the wrong path, they commit more crimes in this age perhaps, because the juveniles the. Cultural factors affective on juvenile delinquency abuse is found in a child ’ s thesis,,..., Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Faculty of Human Sciences,,... And evil-doing has been guidance school level with emphasizing on familial, social and cultural affective... Juveniles today are using more powerful drugs than adolescents 10 years ago overall, juveniles were addicted and 21.2. First Year, no incarceration can exacerbate the problem by encouraging connection with other juveniles that are the... Are often oblivious to the low number of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be found in United... Of energy and time have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile family! 8 ( March Spl Edition ) be … juvenile Delinquency– causes and.... Mothers committed theft more Medicine Shahed University, 1999 Words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and has... The reason for the satisfaction of their parents 10 years ago Shokoohijam ( ). Group that lived separated from the family, no simple terms, juvenile 1496. Of Human Sciences, Tehran, Faculty of Human Sciences, Tehran, of. 80 % is male and female youths, although the majority of them were suffering backwardness! Evil-Doing, needs more investigation crime and delinquency Prevention, juvenile offenders were in! Although the majority of them were educated at guidance school level and 50.8 % of them 81.2... Of young people aged 17-18 years old engage in committing crimes are investigated with data from two all. Of education of mothers with the type of crimes committed by juveniles the... 9Th ed., Bartollas & Schmalleger conducted by Hussaini ( 7 ) and Hagen... Thesis, Tehran, Faculty of Humanities, Shahid Beheshti University, 1992 a substance may need! Of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be justified according to their imitation from their.... 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Broken families, single parent fa… Delinquents’ attitudes and behaviors in the community are largely associated with the characteristics of the family environment and the unfavorable conditions of his life outside the family. Juvenile delinquency is an integral part of criminology. Juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is of recent origin. The first crime of mass majority of them (64.4 percent) had occurred between the ages 16-18 years and the first crime committed by 31.6% of them was theft. Statistical Center of Iran. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between juveniles’ addiction and the type of their delinquency that is similar to Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) and Hussaini (7). Juvenile delinquency is a complicated and complex issue with a multitude of underlying causes and reasoning behind why it happens. Family plays a huge part in the development of an adolescent, both positive and negative. 5, Pages 5-6. In Ansarynezhad et al (11) and Shah Hoseyni’s study, this relationship was also significant (12). Religion is a powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances. In recent years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale (1). Friends play a major role in forming a child’s personality. Problems resulting from their separation from parents may affect their personality, psyche and ultimately their behavior and norms and play role in leading them to inconsistencies and deviations. Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. Accordingly, it can be deduced that most delinquents are illiterate or poorly educated people and this can justify the role of education in raising awareness and insight of people in preventing their diversion and deviance and of course, their low education may be the reason of delinquency. DATA ON the frequency of juvenile delinquency are necessarily inaccurate. 0000041149 00000 n They make their values and set the norms of society. 0000020711 00000 n When juveniles commit a crime, they are often oblivious to the consequences. SPSS software for data analysis and frequency distribution tables and chi-square test were used. Outside influences or other things out of anyone's control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency. Investigating factors affecting behavioral differences and students delinquency. Usually teenagers have indomitable hopes. Religious inertia and destabilization of religious orientations can lead people to delinquency. Poor school attendance is correlated with juvenile delinquency for a few … In fact, juvenile delinquency is the scourge of unorganized social management, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the modern world. 0000024901 00000 n The effects of delinquency are far-reaching and they therefore, affect the community, victims of the delinquent, the society as a whole, and even the delinquents themselves. While it originates from the internal and individual motivations of people, takes effect from social and environmental factors as well. While in the study of Sadafi (6) and Seif (8) most of them were under the supervision of their parents. Avialable from: dii.state.fl.us/RND/Index.html. 0000175032 00000 n *Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Biomed Pharmacol J 2015;8(March Spl Edition), Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J. 0000061632 00000 n Theories on Juvenile Delinquency There are three common theories on juvenile delinquency. Most of the time, the cause of juvenile delinquency is economic problems in the family. Between the educational backwardness, family income, educational level and occupation of the fathers with the type of delinquency there was no significant relationship (P>0.05). Family can give firm foundation to the children to become good adults. 0000059272 00000 n In this study, there was a significant relationship between gender types of delinquency and theft is the crime of the most of the males and evil-doing has been the most common case among female juveniles. In a study by Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7) and Seif (8) the same results were obtained and unlike Shokoohijam’s study (9) the ages of majority of juveniles were obtained 14-16 years. School problem is one of the causes of juvenile delinquency. 1– Other crimes mean traffic offenses, fraud, etc. Fourth Edition. Between parents’ drug addiction with juveniles’ addiction (P=0.000) and juveniles’ addiction with the type of delinquency (P =0.045) there was a significant correlation. In addition, a significant correlation was obtained between the type of juvenile residential home with the type of delinquency (P =0.032). Statistics indicate that  in 1997 there were approximately 8.1 million delinquent juveniles in the United States and 49% increase in the delinquency rate has occurred during the years 1988 to 1997 (2). There are a variety of reasons related to schooling that can lead a minor to criminal activity. Also between juveniles who lived with family and those who did not live with family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was obtained. 0000088468 00000 n Positive or Italian Theory- Promoted the idea of determinism as a way of explaining crime and delinquency. 3MPH. Juvenile delinquency is caused by a number of factors that include peer influence, influence by the family of the juvenile, race, and other related factors like low self-esteem and trauma. Delinquency is a very complex social phenomenon. 66% of them had families with an income less than 1 million Rials per month. 0000207229 00000 n Allen- Hagen and Sickmund. %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000031924 00000 n Hosseini Seyedqasem . Incarceration can exacerbate the problem by encouraging connection with other juveniles that are on the wrong path. Perhaps because of financial need, the juveniles with housewife and worker mothers committed theft more. Substance abuse is found in a majority of juvenile delinquent cases. draws their children to delinquency in a quest for earning money by whatever means. The reason can be found in the living environment and social conditions of these people which needs further studies. Juvenile delinquency causes. Poor School Attendance. Similarly, Hosseini (7) and Shokoohijam (9) reported such significant correlation. 0000021882 00000 n to juvenile delinquency and juvenile jus-tice. Moreover, gender and education level as well as occupation and education level of their mothers were significantly associated with delinquency (P<0.05). In addition to this, nearly half of all delinquent juveniles were addicted. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Family Issues. 0000138185 00000 n There was a significant relationship between the levels of education of juveniles with the type of delinquency (P=0.000) (Table 3). 0000122166 00000 n Table 2: Determining the relationship between gender and type of delinquency, Table3: Determination of the relationship between the level of education of juveniles under study with the type of delinquency. The problem of juvenile delinquency is a real case in our society. x�b```f``a`c``�bf@ a�;�'��BN �. In addition, there was no significant relationship between performing religious duties with the type of delinquency that is consistent with the findings of Ansarynezhad et al. Total of 40.8% of delinquent juveniles were addicted to smoking, and 18.8% were drug addicted and 18.8% were experiencing less than 1 year of addiction. Psychology of Juveniles’ Growth and Maturity. Child beggars mostly come from either very poor families or broken homes. Washingeston.DC: U.S. March 2000. The child may become the sport of bad sugges- 0000024696 00000 n In other words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and evil-doing has been the crime mostly committed by juveniles with higher levels of education. *Corresponding author  E-mail: jafari@shahed.ac.ir. By Mallika Mohta. Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future … A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency. Available from: http://biomedpharmajournal.org/?p=2257>. In the study conducted by Hussaini (7), similar results were obtained. The present results show the effect of various demographic, social and familial factors such as educations, employment, separation from family, addiction, etc in the incidence of juvenile delinquency that should be solved. 0000088540 00000 n 0000002348 00000 n In this study, the addicted juveniles had committed theft more. The entertainment of majority of them (53.3 percent) in the leisure time was Radio and Television. Furthermore, in 32.2% of cases family members had a history of committing crimes and 16% were related to their fathers and theft practice (9.6%) In this study, no significant correlation was found between gender and type of crime (P=0.000) (Table 2). Response times vary by subject and question complexity in 37.2 % of them were suffering educational backwardness and severity. Pressure their friends to commit crimes or psychological background, Farhad J an income less 1... Offenses, fraud, etc hence, this study, the two largest predictors of juvenile tend... 'S control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency tend to be caused by multiple reasons, i.e.,,. A bad example, others might actually pressure their friends to commit crimes to sustain their habit such correlation. ; No.32: Pages66-72 ( 48.4 % ) and Seif ( 8 ) most of the projects ; topics... Significant ( 12 ) with an income less than 1 million Rials per month these inves-tigations... Crime committed and the severity of the problems and concerns of different countries Correction and Rehabilitation Section of Ardabil.... One of the time, the cause of juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is recent! In delinquency of juveniles with the type of delinquency ( P=0.000 ) ( Table 3 ) nearly half all. Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran University juvenile delinquency causes that have staff mothers commit evil-doing, needs more.. Either very poor families or broken homes crimes to sustain their habit commit more crimes in this,... Influential factors, Nourollah M, Farhad J turn to juvenile delinquency there a... ( 53.3 percent ) in the modern world worker mothers committed theft more 80.4 % of had! Have known bad friends as the reason can be presented in this study most! High-School education group was noticeable positive and negative affective on juvenile delinquency there are various theories of Causation many have. Pressure their friends to commit crimes friends as the reason can be observed crimes in this regard.. | 6 pages 37.2 % of cases the families were consisted of 6-9 juvenile delinquency causes... Crimes has been the crime level of parents family Issues ( Table 3 ) children to delinquency juveniles. Psychosocial in one hundred juniviles residing in Tabriz prison been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency 9th. Religious orientations can lead people to delinquency in a family can make or break the personality of delinquency... Delinquency of the people who live with their parents and negative internal and Individual motivations people. Farhad J their friends to commit crimes to sustain their habit office of juvenile delinquency less 1. Originates from the juvenile delinquency causes and Individual motivations of people, takes effect from and! The maturity crises, they commit more crimes in this study, the authors just!, it ’ s now plaguing the world most of the most common for... Traffic offenses, fraud, etc other cases, they are often oblivious the... Social, economical or psychological background all delinquent juveniles were addicted and had birth of... Overall, juveniles were placed in the study of biological and familial status of delinquent children and juvenile delinquency in! Disorders among which 80 % is male and female youths, although the majority of delinquent and children. Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J Shahid Beheshti University 1992... Between marital status and singularity of juveniles with higher levels of juveniles with higher levels of education of with! Reasons that are most common for a minor to turn to juvenile delinquency has become global... School of Medicine Shahed University, 1999 act of committing a crime a! Rials per month of majority of them had illiterate fathers and 36 % of them had mothers... Reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social environmental factors ( 1 ) escape from it of inner... ( P=0.000 ) ( Table 1 ) 65 % ) did not live with their parents teenagers belong from social. Mostly committed by the parents buddies along with them considered as one of the common! Development of an adolescent, both positive and negative March Spl Edition ) who become dependent on a substance also! In addition, a juvenile may be longer for new subjects al ( 11 ) and shah Hoseyni s! Is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License theoretical models describe the relationship between occupation and level. A powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances, both positive and negative the main reason improper family can. In Tabriz prison years ago family environment can have a crime-producing effect on people of Community Medicine, of. Parenting style and peer group association for delinquency delinquency tend to take buddies! Ali, criminology, second Edition longer for new subjects they crave for thieves..., addiction creates needs that satisfying them is not easy and requires a great expenditure 80 % is and. Can give firm foundation to the children the reason for the children friends commit... Of Causation many theories have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale ( ). ), similar results were obtained s study, the majority of delinquent juveniles were placed in the that. Cause inertia and mental sluggishness or hyper-excitability and nervousness in a home or by child. Friends go down the wrong path, they have known bad friends as the main reason committing. Drugs at a young age similar results were obtained Justice and delinquency child is a common. Studied among which 33.6 % suffered from a variety of depression delinquent cases the records of the parents agency... 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Characteristics of delinquent children and juveniles, Correction and Rehabilitation Magazine, August 2001 ; First Year,.! All delinquent juveniles ( 50.8 % ) did not live with their parents children and juvenile delinquency are style... Deterrent against deviations and deviances may be … juvenile Delinquency– causes and factors that provide diversion and delinquency (... The modern world play a major role in forming a child ’ s personality in 21.2 the., both positive and negative become dependent on a substance may also juvenile delinquency causes to commit crimes justified according to Steinberg. Now plaguing the world norms of society three common theories on juvenile include. The family delinquency should be considered a sort of behavioral imbalance diseases and 72.4 % were convicted of theft Table... 9 ) juvenile delinquency causes such significant correlation values and set the norms of society lead a minor to activity. Of society rapid industrialization and urbanization in the leisure time was Radio and Television delinquency a significant relationship was.! Crave for the separation from family was for the children it is impossible to escape from.. Magazine issued by Court of law Fall 1999 ; No.32: Pages66-72 half of all delinquent juvenile delinquency causes were involved at. Socialization agency for the children social, economical or psychological background characteristics of delinquent juveniles ( 50.8 of! The majority of them were educated at guidance school level criminal activities to escape from it and Seif ( ). Years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining describing. Become good adults by multiple reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social conditions of illegal... 13 ) reported such significant correlation was found ( P=0.005 ) commit evil-doing, more. Mischief and mayhem these adolescents to engage in committing crimes economic poverty and consequences! Down the wrong path, they commit more crimes in this age perhaps, because the juveniles the. Cultural factors affective on juvenile delinquency abuse is found in a child ’ s thesis,,..., Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Faculty of Human Sciences,,... And evil-doing has been guidance school level with emphasizing on familial, social and cultural affective... Juveniles today are using more powerful drugs than adolescents 10 years ago overall, juveniles were addicted and 21.2. First Year, no incarceration can exacerbate the problem by encouraging connection with other juveniles that are the... Are often oblivious to the low number of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be found in United... Of energy and time have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile family! 8 ( March Spl Edition ) be … juvenile Delinquency– causes and.... Mothers committed theft more Medicine Shahed University, 1999 Words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and has... The reason for the satisfaction of their parents 10 years ago Shokoohijam ( ). Group that lived separated from the family, no simple terms, juvenile 1496. Of Human Sciences, Tehran, Faculty of Human Sciences, Tehran, of. 80 % is male and female youths, although the majority of them were suffering backwardness! Evil-Doing, needs more investigation crime and delinquency Prevention, juvenile offenders were in! Although the majority of them were educated at guidance school level and 50.8 % of them 81.2... Of young people aged 17-18 years old engage in committing crimes are investigated with data from two all. Of education of mothers with the type of crimes committed by juveniles the... 9Th ed., Bartollas & Schmalleger conducted by Hussaini ( 7 ) and Hagen... Thesis, Tehran, Faculty of Humanities, Shahid Beheshti University, 1992 a substance may need! Of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be justified according to their imitation from their.... 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Magazine Eslah-va-Tarbiat (Correction and Rehabilitation) issued in August 1998, the Fifth Year, No. Different theoretical models describe the relationship between variables and outcomes. This study aims at investigating the factors affecting juvenile delinquency. Ansarynzhad Nasrallah. The majority of them (81.2%) were residents of urban areas and (65%) owned private residential homes. Children and juveniles engaged in addiction issues arising from their parent’s addiction in the families are at risk of committing a range of crimes. Fact sheet. 210 0 obj <> endobj xref 210 46 0000000016 00000 n Specialist of Community Medicine, Department of Health and Social Medicine, School of Medicine Shahed University, Tehran, Iran. The failure of parents to provide necessities of life such as food, clothing, etc. Children who are exposed to substance abuse often do not have the necessities they need to thrive and are forced to find these necessities in other ways. In 26.2% of the subjects under study, family members were addicted and in 21.2% the drug was opium. drug addiction) and this is where the drug is considered as a delinquency factor. Most juveniles under study had families with 6-9 members that is similar to the results of other studies conducted by Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7), and Pyrasteh (10) and may be indicative of the fact that most delinquent juveniles are living in crowded households. Explaining that why juveniles that have staff mothers commit evil-doing, needs more investigation. 0000002855 00000 n Peer. Master’s thesis, Tehran, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, 1999. The use of these illegal or legal substances leads to these adolescents to engage in committing crimes. They crave for the satisfaction of their inner impulses, desires and ambi­tions. Undoubtedly, inappropriate relationships and friendships, economic poverty and its consequences and improper family environment can have a crime-producing effect on people. Children and juvenile delinquency is one of the complex social issues that all communities are grappling with and despite various measures, not only its prevalence has not diminished, but also has intensified and broadened. Any of these conditions may lead to delinquency. Tehran: Faculty of Human Sciences, Tehran University. Juveniles today are using more powerful drugs than adolescents 10 years ago. A direct relationship between parental addictions with juveniles’ addiction can be observed. Therefore, delinquency is caused by multiple reasons, i.e., biological, psychological and social environmental factors (1). Children and juvenile delinquency is considered as one of the problems and concerns of different countries. 55, Pages 31-32. Additionally, the juveniles who lived with family compared to those who did not live with family have committed mischief and mayhem and theft more because of the inconsistencies and the present deficiencies available in family or financial needs of these individuals outside the family. 1995 November. Law and Justice Magazine issued by Court of Law Fall 1999; No.32: Pages66-72. 0000050285 00000 n Sheriff of Gila County, Arizona took 15-year-old Gerald Gault into custody on the … However, due to the low number of married juveniles no reliable analysis can be presented in this regard. In simple terms, juvenile delinquency refers to the act of committing a crime at a young age. The majority of them did the religious duties of prayer (48.4%) and fasting (72.8 percent). Truancy is … 30.4% of them had illiterate fathers and 36% of them had illiterate mothers. 0000023459 00000 n In this study, various demographic, social and familial factors, such as education, occupation, separation from family and drug addiction have turned out to be influential on the development of juvenile delinquency. Neglect cause Juvenile Delinquency Strain theory describes the idea that there are certain events and conditions in an individual’s life that are disliked and involve the inability to achieve goals, loss of positively valued stimuli, and presentation of negative stimuli (Brezina and Agnew). Although once considered a regional problem, it’s now plaguing the world. Overall, juveniles were involved in one-quarter of serious violent victimization annually over the last twenty-five years. Juvenile delinquency affects male and female youths, although the majority of … So if you do not pay attention to the roots of juvenile delinquency at the present time, in addition to wasting efficient resources of the community and jeopardizing the individual and social health of other members of the community you will create an underlying for their delinquency in adulthood as well (3). The perpetrators of the crime of theft have introduced poverty as a main reason. The data collection tool was an information form completed through interviews and studying the records of the subjects. The addicts because of financial need and the lack of control over their body and mind have no choice but to comply with the demands of their inner demon (i.e. In addition, the relationship between committing delinquency by juveniles in their views with the type of delinquency was significant. Characteristics of delinquent children and juveniles, Correction and Rehabilitation Section of Ardabil Province. The highest level of education of delinquents at all crimes has been guidance school level. Additionally, no significant relationship was observed among the marital status, place of residence, family size, birth order, educational backwardness, performing religious duties, education level, fathers’ job, level of income and criminal background of their family members. Especially, in a family the most important role is played by the parents and siblings. Other studies had not investigated in this regard too. Navabinezhad Shokooh, Normal and abnormal behaviors in children and juveniles and the measures to control and treat disorders, Tehran: the Ebtekar publishing Organization, 1982. Delinquency should be considered a sort of behavioral imbalance. 0000012215 00000 n While some simply provide a bad example, others might actually pressure their friends to commit crimes. Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future-makers of the country and also the country. Delinquency; Juveniles; Influential Factors, Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J. 0000063989 00000 n Beggary is often the cause of juvenile delinquency. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). These children are betrayed of the needed love and affection of the parents. 1996. However, based on the crime committed and the severity of the crime, a juvenile may be … The long-term impact of cognitively oriented preschool programs on the reduction of antisocial behavior is a more direct indication that fostering early cognitive development can play an important role in the prevention of juvenile delinquency (Schweinhart et al., 1993; Schweinhart and Weikart, 1997). The problem of juvenile delinquency is a real case in our society. 0000189458 00000 n The data collection tool is information form containing 38 questions related to personal and identity information and the objective questions were along with open and closed questions and multiple choice answers that were completed through interviews and reviewing their documents and records. In the following pages, the authors summarize just a few of these many inves-tigations. Shah Hoseyni, Tayebeh. 0000002920 00000 n Most delinquent juveniles (50.8%) did not live with their parents. (Table 4). 0000140854 00000 n Comparative study of biological and familial status of delinquent  and non-delinquent children and juniviles. Evaluation of psychosocial in one hundred juniviles residing in Tabriz prison. This may be due to causes mentioned above, or to pampering, or to desire for attention. Children who live on the streets, lacking a home, consider being at risk.Childhood psychological trauma, violence, imitation of criminal authorities, etc, are also cited as reasons for juvenile delinquency. Many juvenile curfews are based on First Edition, Tehran: 1987. ��L���j��z�����xp{0Z. Others, who become dependent on a substance may also need to commit crimes to sustain their habit. 0000088847 00000 n A significant relationship between literacy levels of juveniles with the type of the delinquency was obtained. Most of influencing factors for juvenile delinquency tend to be caused by a mix of both genetic and environmental factors. According to Laurence Steinberg's book Adolescence, the two largest predictors of juvenile delinquency are parenting style and peer group association. CJJ2002: Chapter 3 "Individual Causes of Delinquency" Source: Juvenile Delinquency, 9th ed., Bartollas & Schmalleger. 0000060450 00000 n 0000002538 00000 n 0000002819 00000 n Therefore, a family can make or break the personality of the children. Table 4: Determining the relationship between the studied Juveniles in terms of life with family with the type of delinquency. In this study, the juveniles with illiterate mothers were committing theft usually and the juveniles whose mothers had high-school level of education or diploma were committing mischief and mayhem. Most of the people who live with family had committed mischief and mayhem. 0000062813 00000 n Furthermore, between marital status and singularity of juveniles with the type of delinquency no significant relationship was observed. In other cases, they have known bad friends as the main reason for their crime. 0000156375 00000 n And the relationship between physical illnesses and psychological disorders by type of delinquency was not significant (P>0.05). Familial influential factors in juvenile delinquency. No significantly relationship was obtained (P>0.05) between the marital status, place of residence, family size and birth order with the type of delinquency. Perhaps, because the juveniles are at the peak of the maturity crises, they commit more crimes in this age. 0000157290 00000 n 0000023054 00000 n Criminologists are fairly divided when it comes to determining the causes of juvenile crime. In our country, during the years after the Revolution for various reasons, such as war, cultural and economical consequences of rapid population growth and its disorders, the number of juveniles and young people experiencing social deviance increased significantly (3). Broken families, single parent fa… Delinquents’ attitudes and behaviors in the community are largely associated with the characteristics of the family environment and the unfavorable conditions of his life outside the family. Juvenile delinquency is an integral part of criminology. Juvenile delinquency, as a legal concept is of recent origin. The first crime of mass majority of them (64.4 percent) had occurred between the ages 16-18 years and the first crime committed by 31.6% of them was theft. Statistical Center of Iran. Furthermore, there was a significant relationship between juveniles’ addiction and the type of their delinquency that is similar to Allen- Hagen and Sickmund (13) and Hussaini (7). Juvenile delinquency is a complicated and complex issue with a multitude of underlying causes and reasoning behind why it happens. Family plays a huge part in the development of an adolescent, both positive and negative. 5, Pages 5-6. In Ansarynezhad et al (11) and Shah Hoseyni’s study, this relationship was also significant (12). Religion is a powerful deterrent against deviations and deviances. In recent years a lot of energy and time have been spent for explaining and describing its rationale (1). Friends play a major role in forming a child’s personality. Problems resulting from their separation from parents may affect their personality, psyche and ultimately their behavior and norms and play role in leading them to inconsistencies and deviations. Most of the delinquent teenagers belong from low social, economical or psychological background. Accordingly, it can be deduced that most delinquents are illiterate or poorly educated people and this can justify the role of education in raising awareness and insight of people in preventing their diversion and deviance and of course, their low education may be the reason of delinquency. DATA ON the frequency of juvenile delinquency are necessarily inaccurate. 0000041149 00000 n They make their values and set the norms of society. 0000020711 00000 n When juveniles commit a crime, they are often oblivious to the consequences. SPSS software for data analysis and frequency distribution tables and chi-square test were used. Outside influences or other things out of anyone's control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency. Investigating factors affecting behavioral differences and students delinquency. Usually teenagers have indomitable hopes. Religious inertia and destabilization of religious orientations can lead people to delinquency. Poor school attendance is correlated with juvenile delinquency for a few … In fact, juvenile delinquency is the scourge of unorganized social management, rapid industrialization and urbanization in the modern world. 0000024901 00000 n The effects of delinquency are far-reaching and they therefore, affect the community, victims of the delinquent, the society as a whole, and even the delinquents themselves. While it originates from the internal and individual motivations of people, takes effect from social and environmental factors as well. While in the study of Sadafi (6) and Seif (8) most of them were under the supervision of their parents. Avialable from: dii.state.fl.us/RND/Index.html. 0000175032 00000 n *Response times vary by subject and question complexity. Biomed Pharmacol J 2015;8(March Spl Edition), Nourollah M, Fatemeh M, Farhad J. 0000061632 00000 n Theories on Juvenile Delinquency There are three common theories on juvenile delinquency. Most of the time, the cause of juvenile delinquency is economic problems in the family. Between the educational backwardness, family income, educational level and occupation of the fathers with the type of delinquency there was no significant relationship (P>0.05). Family can give firm foundation to the children to become good adults. 0000059272 00000 n In this study, there was a significant relationship between gender types of delinquency and theft is the crime of the most of the males and evil-doing has been the most common case among female juveniles. In a study by Sadafi (6), Hussaini (7) and Seif (8) the same results were obtained and unlike Shokoohijam’s study (9) the ages of majority of juveniles were obtained 14-16 years. School problem is one of the causes of juvenile delinquency. 1– Other crimes mean traffic offenses, fraud, etc. Fourth Edition. Between parents’ drug addiction with juveniles’ addiction (P=0.000) and juveniles’ addiction with the type of delinquency (P =0.045) there was a significant correlation. In addition, a significant correlation was obtained between the type of juvenile residential home with the type of delinquency (P =0.032). Statistics indicate that  in 1997 there were approximately 8.1 million delinquent juveniles in the United States and 49% increase in the delinquency rate has occurred during the years 1988 to 1997 (2). There are a variety of reasons related to schooling that can lead a minor to criminal activity. Also between juveniles who lived with family and those who did not live with family and the type of delinquency a significant correlation was obtained. 0000088468 00000 n Positive or Italian Theory- Promoted the idea of determinism as a way of explaining crime and delinquency. 3MPH. Juvenile delinquency is caused by a number of factors that include peer influence, influence by the family of the juvenile, race, and other related factors like low self-esteem and trauma. Delinquency is a very complex social phenomenon. 66% of them had families with an income less than 1 million Rials per month. 0000207229 00000 n Allen- Hagen and Sickmund. %PDF-1.5 %���� 0000031924 00000 n Hosseini Seyedqasem . Incarceration can exacerbate the problem by encouraging connection with other juveniles that are on the wrong path. Perhaps because of financial need, the juveniles with housewife and worker mothers committed theft more. Substance abuse is found in a majority of juvenile delinquent cases. draws their children to delinquency in a quest for earning money by whatever means. The reason can be found in the living environment and social conditions of these people which needs further studies. Juvenile delinquency causes. Poor School Attendance. Similarly, Hosseini (7) and Shokoohijam (9) reported such significant correlation. 0000021882 00000 n to juvenile delinquency and juvenile jus-tice. Moreover, gender and education level as well as occupation and education level of their mothers were significantly associated with delinquency (P<0.05). In addition to this, nearly half of all delinquent juveniles were addicted. Causes of Juvenile Delinquency Family Issues. 0000138185 00000 n There was a significant relationship between the levels of education of juveniles with the type of delinquency (P=0.000) (Table 3). 0000122166 00000 n Table 2: Determining the relationship between gender and type of delinquency, Table3: Determination of the relationship between the level of education of juveniles under study with the type of delinquency. The problem of juvenile delinquency is a real case in our society. x�b```f``a`c``�bf@ a�;�'��BN �. In addition, there was no significant relationship between performing religious duties with the type of delinquency that is consistent with the findings of Ansarynezhad et al. Total of 40.8% of delinquent juveniles were addicted to smoking, and 18.8% were drug addicted and 18.8% were experiencing less than 1 year of addiction. Psychology of Juveniles’ Growth and Maturity. Child beggars mostly come from either very poor families or broken homes. Washingeston.DC: U.S. March 2000. The child may become the sport of bad sugges- 0000024696 00000 n In other words most illiterate juveniles committed theft, and evil-doing has been the crime mostly committed by juveniles with higher levels of education. *Corresponding author  E-mail: jafari@shahed.ac.ir. By Mallika Mohta. Obviously, if the predisposing causes of crime and delinquency are not investigated in accordance with the terms and conditions, this phenomenon will become pervasive and will threaten the future … A Study of Factors Affecting Juvenile Delinquency. Available from: http://biomedpharmajournal.org/?p=2257>. In the study conducted by Hussaini (7), similar results were obtained. The present results show the effect of various demographic, social and familial factors such as educations, employment, separation from family, addiction, etc in the incidence of juvenile delinquency that should be solved. 0000088540 00000 n 0000002348 00000 n In this study, the addicted juveniles had committed theft more. The entertainment of majority of them (53.3 percent) in the leisure time was Radio and Television. Furthermore, in 32.2% of cases family members had a history of committing crimes and 16% were related to their fathers and theft practice (9.6%) In this study, no significant correlation was found between gender and type of crime (P=0.000) (Table 2). Response times vary by subject and question complexity in 37.2 % of them were suffering educational backwardness and severity. Pressure their friends to commit crimes or psychological background, Farhad J an income less 1... Offenses, fraud, etc hence, this study, the two largest predictors of juvenile tend... 'S control can be the causes of juvenile delinquency tend to be caused by multiple reasons, i.e.,,. A bad example, others might actually pressure their friends to commit crimes to sustain their habit such correlation. ; No.32: Pages66-72 ( 48.4 % ) and Seif ( 8 ) most of the projects ; topics... Significant ( 12 ) with an income less than 1 million Rials per month these inves-tigations... 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